Extradition – Claudia Cristina Sobral was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1964, and naturalized US citizen in 1999. She has been imprisoned in a Brazilian Federal District Penitentiary, accused of killing her husband in 2007.Claudia is charged with a qualified homicide of her husband, former US Aeronautics pilot Karl Hoerig, killed with two shots at the nape of the neck and one at the back of the head, on March 2007 in Newton Falls, Ohio.
The Brazilian Authorities does not assume that she committed the crime, but she became the main suspect for having fled to Brazil in the same day the husband was murdered, for having bought a weapon equal to the one that made the shots and learned to shoot two days before the crime.
Claudia also claimed that her husband had force her to have three miscarriages because he did not want children.
“Every woman dreams to have a prince, imagine if it was not my dream either. A tall, handsome man that every woman wants to marry”. (…) “I was forty years old and desperate to marry and have kids”, but, “He treated me like a prostitute”.
“The abuse led me to two suicide attempts and I was hospitalized in an asylum” she said.
Claudia became a naturalized US citizen in 1999 and her case went to the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court who understands that when she naturalized automatically renounced to her Brazilian nationality, according to the terms of Article 12, Paragraph 4, item II, of the Brazilian Federal Constitution, that states:
“Paragraph 4 – It will be declared the loss of the nationality of a Brazilian who:
II – Acquire another nationality by voluntary naturalization “.
Naturalization Oath of Allegiance to the United States of America
“I hereby declare, on oath, that I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty, of whom or which I have heretofore been a subject or citizen; that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms on behalf of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform noncombatant service in the Armed Forces of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform work of national importance under civilian direction when required by the law; and that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; so help me God.”
On July 4, 2013, a decree of the Ministry of Justice declared that she had lost her Brazilian nationality and, on July 1, 2007, a request for Habeas Corpus made by Claudia’s defense was denied by the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court.
In April of that year, Karl’s brother Paul Hoerig said in an interview with a major Brazilian broadcast that Claudia’s extradition will be a big leap for both countries, and especially for family and friends, who seek justice for the death of Karl.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Expert in international law, Dr. Maurício Ejchel has been operating for 20 years as a lawyer, legal adviser and foreign and domestic companies consultant. Bachelor of Law graduated from the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (1994), was admitted to the Bar Association of Brazil (1995) and later attended, among others, the General Course of Public International Law in “The Hague Academy of International Law” (1999) and the ILJ International Legal Theory”New York University Law School (NYU) – LLM Alien” (2002).
Disclaimer: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this publication, it is not intended to provide legal advice as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and/or lawyer. For specific technical or legal advice on the information provided and related topics, please contact the author.